Sea of Cotez Small Ship Cruise | Sea of Cortez Cruise | Baha Shark | Whale Shark Baja
The Sea of Cortez, also called Gulf of California or Sea of Cortés (named after the Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés) or Vermilion Sea;locally known in the
Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or Mar Bermejo or Golfo de California) is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean which separates the Baja California Peninsula from the
Mexican mainland. It is bordered by the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, and Sinaloa having a coastline of approximately 4,000 km (2,500 mi).
Rivers that flow into the Sea of Cortex include the Colorado, Fuerte, Mayo, Sinaloa, Sonora, and the Yaqui. The sea’s surface area is about 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi). Depths range from fording at the estuary near Yuma, Arizona, to in excess of 3,000 meters (9,800 ft) in the deepest parts.
The Sea of Cortez is believed to be one of the most diverse seas on the planet, and is home to at least 5,000 species of micro-invertebrates. Baja California is the second-longest peninsula in the world, after the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia and is Home to over a million people. Some Parts of the sea of Cortez are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The sea is narrow and is home to a rich ecosystem. It hosts many migratory species, such as the humpback whale, California gray whale, killer whale, manta ray, Humboldt squid and leatherback sea turtle, as well as the world's largest animal, the blue whale, in addition to a wide range of endemic creatures, such as the critically endangered vaquita. The uncommon resident populations of fin whales and sperm whales do not migrate annually. There is an area close to the delta of the Colorado river which has a small remnant population of the totoaba fish. For a long time now, this region has historically been a magnet for world-class sport fishing activities, with a rich history of sporting world records. When it comes to Commercial fishery, this region also has a rich history.
The Sea of Cortez sustains a growing number of marine creatures, most of which are rare and endangered species. It has more than 900 islands which have turned to important nesting sites for thousands of seabirds, while its waters are primary breeding, feeding, and nursing grounds for myriad migratory and resident fish species.
Water pollution is a growing problem in the sea of Cortez but the more immediate concerns are overfishing and bottom trawling, which kills shellfish and eelgrass beds.
The efforts of the government of México to create conservation zones and nature reserves has been thwarted by a lack of enforcement resources, as well as a lack of a political consensus on this issue of conservation of the Sea. This happens even though significant areas are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The thousands of miles of coastline are remote and a difficult task to police, while the politically powerful commercial fishing community has been slow to welcome economically viable conservation measures, as well as strict measures of conservation. The Conservation of the sea's fisheries and coastlines is also complicated by a long history of
overcapitalization in the sector, and the direct, often negative, impacts that conservation measures have on the livelihoods of Mexico's coastal inhabitants. At the moment, the Mexican government and business interests have promoted a macro-level, tourist development vision for the Sea, the impacts of these on local ecology and society are not certain.
Coastal communities rely heavily on both commercial and sport fishing. They include Loreto, Guaymas, Bahía Kino, Puerto Peñasco, San Felipe, San Carlos, Sonora, Cabo San Lucas, La Paz, Topolobampo and Mulegé.
From the start, the most intriguing appeal of a Sea of Cortez small ship cruise is the opportunity to mix wildlife spotting with water sports. Kayaking, snorkeling, standup paddle boarding and diving are big for on-the-water fans; whales, California sea lions, dolphins and tropical fish are a dime a dozen. Grey whales, in particular, are a big attraction since they come to Sea of Cortez to mate and cluster in sheltered lagoons. As well as whale watching there are plenty of other wildlife watching experiences to be had, amongst other adventures too.
The beaches too, are delightful and vary greatly in personality. A good number of them have broken-shell sand, some consist of rocks, while others are made up of crystal-fine sand.
Another major attraction, as mentioned above, is the abundance of uninhabited islands scattered throughout the Sea of Cortez (more than 900). Most of these islands are protected — having no villages or towns — and feature an incredible biodiversity due to their isolation.Whether your primary interests are wildlife, culture, arts or history, this region provides a lot of variety.
Traverse the natural splendor and wildlife of the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico’s mainland coast which borders the glistening waters of the Sea of Cortez. This sea is one of the most ecologically diverse places on the planet. From world-renowned vacation destinations to exotic islands, discover truly breathtaking nature, infused with rich Mexican culture and amazing experiences to cherish for a lifetime.